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Purpose of Scientific Writing

  • Purpose of Scientific Writing
  • Audience for Scientific Writing
  • Selecting a Document Type
  • Styles of Scientific Writing
  • Selecting a Writing Style
  • Obligations of Writers

Summary of Purpose and Audience

Attributes of Scientific Language

  • The Language of Science
  • Readability
  • Formulas for Readability
  • Sentence Length
  • Paragraph Length and Complexity
  • Word Order
  • Hedging
  • Objectivity and Precision
  • Personal References
  • Concrete Wording
  • Anthropomorphism
  • References to Humans
  • Clarity
  • Coherence
  • Relative Emphasis
  • Simplicity and Conciseness
  • Syntactic Ambiguity
  • Repetition and Redundancy
  • Circumlocution
  • Person and Point of View
  • Style

Summary of Attributes of Scientific Language


Style and Word Usage

  • Why is English Confusing?
  • Impact of Word Choice
  • Word Choice
  • Commonly Misused Nouns
  • Commonly Misused Adjectives
  • Commonly Misused Verbs
  • Commonly Misused Verbs (Cont.)
  • Commonly Misused Prepositions
  • Commonly Misused Words for Comparison
  • That/Which
  • Superfluous Words: Tautology
  • Superfluous Words: Pleonasms
  • Imprecise Words, Verbs and Phrases
  • Abbreviations and Acronyms

Summary of Style and Word Usage 

Quantitative and Numerical Expression

  • Numbers in Words
  • Real Numbers
  • Numerical Range
  • Very Large/Small Numbers
  • Percentages
  • Mathematical Symbols
  • Mathematical Formulas
  • Using Tables
  • Number Agreement

Summary of Quantitative and Numerical Expression

Essentials of Grammar

  • The Sentence
  • Sentence Parts
  • Nouns
  • Pronouns
  • Gerunds
  • Verbs
  • Adjectives and Adverbs
  • Participles
  • Prepositions
  • Conjunctions

Summary of Essentials of Grammar

Common Grammar Mistakes

  • Problems using Nouns
  • Problems using Pronouns
  • Problems using Verbs
  • Problems using Modifiers
  • Passive and Active Wording
  • Precise Use of Tense
  • Use of Present Tense
  • Use of Past Tense

Summary of Common Grammar Mistakes

Standard structure-IMRAD

  • The IMRAD Structure
  • The IMRAD Structure (Contd)
  • Writing the Introduction Section
  • Write the Methods Section
  • Write the Results Section
  • Write the Discussion Section

Summary of IMRAD Structure

Laboratory Records and Notebooks (For science stream)

  • What are Lab Notes?
  • Legal and Ethical Implications
  • Design of a Lab Notebook
  • The Front Matter
  • The Body
  • Introduction and Background
  • Materials and Methods
  • Observations and Results
  • Discussion and Conclusion
  • Non-Obligatory Rules
  • Electronic Laboratory Notebooks
  • Documents Based on Lab Notes
  • Documents Based on Lab Notes

Summary of Laboratory Notebooks

Search and Literature Review (For non-science stream)

  • Evaluate Information Sources
  • Examine Bibliographic Citations
  • Assess the Source Content
  • Comprehensive Literature Review
  • Draft a Comprehensive Literature Review
  • Internet Search
  • Search Engines
  • Web Directories
  • Metasearch Engines
  • Key Online Search Techniques
  • Key Online Search Techniques (Contd)
  • Evaluate Internet Sources – CARS
  • Evaluate Internet Sources – CAFE
  • Other Formal and Informal Sources

Summary of Search and Literature Review


Writing dissertations

  • What is a Dissertation?
  • Purpose of Scientific Dissertations
  • Structure of a Dissertation
  • Front Matter Section
  • Main Text Section
  • Back Matter Section
  • Final Checks

Summary of Writing Dissertations

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