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Module 1: Introduction to Scientific Communication

  • Why is English Confusing?
  • Impact of Word Choice
  • Word Choice
  • Commonly Misused Nouns
  • Commonly Misused Adjectives
  • Commonly Misused Verbs
  • Commonly Misused Verbs (Cont.)
  • Commonly Misused Prepositions
  • Commonly Misused Words for Comparison
  • That/Which
  • Superfluous Words: Tautology
  • Superfluous Words: Pleonasms
  • Imprecise Words, Verbs and Phrases
  • Abbreviations and Acronyms

Summary of Style and Word Usage 

  • Numbers in Words
  • Real Numbers
  • Numerical Range
  • Very Large/Small Numbers
  • Percentages
  • Mathematical Symbols
  • Mathematical Formulas
  • Using Tables
  • Number Agreement

Summary of Quantitative and Numerical Expression

Module 2: English for Scientific Communication

  • The Sentence
  • Sentence Parts
  • Nouns
  • Pronouns
  • Gerunds
  • Verbs
  • Adjectives and Adverbs
  • Participles
  • Prepositions
  • Conjunctions

Summary of Essentials of Grammar

  • Problems using Nouns
  • Problems using Pronouns
  • Problems using Verbs
  • Problems using Modifiers
  • Passive and Active Wording
  • Precise Use of Tense
  • Use of Present Tense
  • Use of Past Tense

Summary of Common Grammar Mistakes

  • What is Punctuation?
  • Issues with Poor Punctuation
  • Period
  • Sentence Parts
  • Comma
  • Comma-Quick Recap
  • Colon
  • Colon-Quick Recap
  • Semicolon
  • Semicolon-Quick Recap

Summary of Punctuation Part I

  • Hyphen
  • Hyphen-Quick Recap
  • Apostrophe
  • Apostrophe-Quick Recap
  • Quotation Mark
  • Parentheses, Brackets and Braces
  • Parentheses
  • Brackets
  • Braces
  • Parentheses, Brackets and Braces-Quick Recap
  • Dash
  • en Dash
  • em Dash
  • Dash-Quick Recap

Summary of Punctuation  Part II

Module 3: Preparing to Write

  • Evaluate Information Sources
  • Examine Bibliographic Citations
  • Assess the Source Content
  • Comprehensive Literature Review
  • Draft a Comprehensive Literature Review
  • Internet Search
  • Search Engines
  • Web Directories
  • Metasearch Engines
  • Key Online Search Techniques
  • Key Online Search Techniques (Contd)
  • Evaluate Internet Sources – CARS
  • Evaluate Internet Sources – CAFE
  • Other Formal and Informal Sources

Summary of Search and Literature Review

  • Purpose of Organizing Information
  • Techniques for Organizing Information
  • Outlining
  • Brainstorming
  • Mind-mapping
  • Issue Tree
  • The Writing Process
  • Check if Your Writing is Ready for Publication
  • Results
  • Purpose
  • Audience
  • Style
  • Format
  • Publications
  • Authorship
  • Authorship Order

Summary of Preparation and Planning 

  • The IMRAD Structure
  • The IMRAD Structure (Contd)
  • Writing the Introduction Section
  • Write the Methods Section
  • Write the Results Section
  • Write the Discussion Section

Summary of IMRAD Structure

  • What is Plagiarism?
  • Types of Plagiarism
  • Reasons for Plagiarism
  • Examples of Unintentional Plagiarism
  • Examples of Intentional Plagiarism
  • Ways to Avoid Plagiarism
  • Detect Plagiarism
  • Acceptable and Unacceptable Paraphrasing
  • Copyright Infringement

Summary of Avoiding Plagiarism

  • Importance of Ethics in Scientific Research
  • Ethics in Scientific Research
  • Ethics in Planning Research
  • Ethics in Proposing Research
  • Ethics in Presenting Research
  • Ethical Obligations of Authors, Reviewers and Editors
  • Sir David King’s Universal Ethical Code for Scientists

Summary of Ethical Issues

Module 4: Non textual and visual information

  • Purpose of Visuals
  • Analyse the Need for Visuals
  • Match Purpose to Visual
  • Review the Visual Used
  • Is this illustration really necessary?
  • Am I pushing limits?
  • Does the illustration suit its purpose?
  • Is the illustration suitable for the audience?

Summary of  Use of Visuals to Present Information

  • Data Displays
  • Choose the Right Data Display
  • Characteristics of Good Data Display
  • Introduction to Tables
  • Components of a Table
  • Table Content
  • Formatting Table Contents
  • Notes in Tables
  • Dealing with Large Tables
  • Presenting Data in a Table

Summary of Tables

  • Graphs and Charts
  • Properties of an Effective Chart
  • Parts of Charts
  • Data Values
  • Curves and Lines
  • Axes and Scales
  • Annotations and Labels
  • Colours in a Chart
  • Numbering in a Chart
  • Types of Charts
  • Line Charts
  • Bar Charts
  • More Bar Charts
  • Pie Charts
  • Diagrams and Charts
  • Creating Charts

Summary of Graphs and Charts 

  • Slides
  • Illustrations and Photographs
  • Types of Illustrations
  • Symbols and Graphics
  • Figures
  • Diagrams
  • Links
  • Common Types of Diagrams
  • Numbering Illustrations
  • Effective Visuals

Summary of Illustrations

  • Overhead Projector Slides/ Transparencies
  • LCD Projectors
  • White Board and Black Board
  • Paper Hand-outs
  • Flip Charts
  • Videos
  • Artefacts or Props
  • PowerPoint
  • Pictures in PowerPoint
  • Animations in PowerPoint

Summary of Visual Aids

Module 5: Types of Scientific communication

  • Types of Oral Presentations
  • Benefits of Oral Presentations
  • Temporal Element
  • Vocal Element
  • Writing the Script
  • Optimal Rate of Display
  • Adding Visuals
  • Final Checks

Summary of Oral Presentations

  • Scientific Journals
  • Purpose of a Scientific Journal Article
  • Selecting the Right Journal
  • Selecting the Right Journal (contd.)
  • Peer Reviewed Journals
  • Peer Reviewed Journal (cont.)
  • Check Your Understanding
  • Structure of a Research Article
  • The IMRAD Structure
  • Final Checks

Summary of Scientific Journal Articles

  • Purpose of a Research Report
  • Structure of a Research Report
  • Front Matter
  • Main Text
  • Back Matter
  • Final Checks

Summary of Research Reports

  • What is a Thesis?
  • Purpose and Importance
  • Structural Format of a Thesis
  • Front Matter Components
  • Main Text
  • Main Text Components
  • Back Matter Components
  • Final Checks before Submitting for Approval

Summary of Basics of Thesis Writing

  • The writing process
  • Parameters
  • Parts of a Proposal
  • Title
  • Citations and References
  • Introduction and Literature Review
  • Design and Methodology of the Proposed Work
  • Budget
  • Challenges and Responsibilities

Summary of Grant Proposals

Module 6: Content -retrieval, revisions & reviews

 
  • Parts of a Citation
  • Documentation, Citation, and Reference
  • Importance of Citations
  • Introduce a Source
  • Citation Styles
  • In-text Citations
  • Reference List or Bibliography
  • Paraphrase Activity
  • Advantages of Citations
  • Choose Citation Styles
  • Citation Styles for Articles
  • Citation Styles for Journal Articles with Single Author
  • Citation Styles for Journal Articles with Multiple Authors
  • Citation Styles for Magazine Articles with Multiple Authors
  • Citation Styles for Books
  • Citation Styles for Book with a Single Author
  • Citation Styles for a Book with Multiple Authors and/or Editors
  • Citation Styles for Sources Other than Articles and Books
  • Citation Styles for Dissertations
  • Citation Styles for Conference Papers
  • Citation Styles for Patents
  • Online or Electronic Citations
  • Citations for an Electronic Book
  • Citing Visuals In Text and Bibliography

Summary of Citations and References

  • Expectations
  • Self-Review
  • Revision of Your Draft
  • Self-Revision of the First Draft
  • Structure of a Paper
  • Sequential Review of Each Section
  • Writing Process for Easier Review
  • External Reviews
  • Working on Feedbacks

Summary of Checks and Revision

  • The Peer Review
  • Importance of the Peer Review
  • The Peer Review Process
  • Limitations of Peer Review
  • Future Peer Reviews

Summary of Peer Reviews

Module 7: Advanced Scientific Communication

  • Avoiding Jargon
  • Bias Free Language
  • Tips On Global Writing
  • Definite and in definite Articles

Summary of Writing for Global Audience

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